Basic Science Videos & Teaching Scripts

In July 2017, APGO competitively awarded two educational grants of $50,000 each to APGO member institutions to develop a series of short videos and teaching scripts to vertically integrate basic sciences topics into the obstetrics and gynecology clerkship. Each project team developed 15 videos with a companion teaching script for each video. The videos and scripts premiered in November 2018.

These 30 videos and scripts provide a nice resource for basic sciences teaching as medical schools transition to earlier introduction to clinical training and competency-based curricula. Basic sciences remain critical to clinical medicine and should be taught across the entire medical education experience. Vertical integration between the basic sciences and clinical medicine during the Ob-Gyn clerkship will stimulate deeper learning and solidify students’ understanding of fundamental principles.

Intended Audience with Intended Learning Objectives:
Medical students can use the videos to deepen their understanding of the basic science topics necessary to enrich a firm foundation for general clinical medicine practice as well as for obstetrics, gynecology and women’s health.

The teaching scripts will assist faculty, residents and community-based educators in determining the most appropriate approach for teaching basic science topics in a clinical environment.

Contributing Faculty

University of Michigan
Angela Liang, MD
Maya Hammoud, MD, MBA
Sue Hammoud, PhD
Erica Mahany, MD
Anita Malone, MD, MPH
David Marzano, MD
Jonathan Maybaum, PhD
Helen Morgan, MD
Bethany Skinner, MD
Johns Hopkins University
School of Medicine
Nancy Hueppchen MD, MSc
Silka Patel, MD, MPH
Jennifer E. Fairman, MA, CMI, FAMI
Irina Burd, MD, PhD
Jessica Bienstock, MD, MPH

Last Reviewed:
2018


APGO Basic Science Video & Objective Checklist

Click for Video Topic Clinical Trigger Objective Teaching Script
Topic #1 Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia* Abnormal Pap Smear Normal histology of the cervix, histopathology of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer, role of human papilloma virus in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #2 Abnormal Placentation Abnormal Placentation Embryonic development of the placenta, physiologic functions of the placenta, pathophysiology of placenta previa and accreta Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #3 Endometrial Hyperplasia and Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia* Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Normal histology of the endometrium and changes that occur throughout the menstrual cycle, histopathology and pathophysiology of endometrial hyperplasia/EIN, pharmacology of progestins Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #4 Alloimmunization Alloimmunization Fetal hematopoiesis, genetics of common blood groups, pathophysiology of alloimmunization, pharmacology of Rh immunoglobulin Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #5 Aneuploidy Screening Aneuploidy Screening Oogenesis/meiosis, pathogenesis of fetal aneuploidy, how screening and diagnostic testing identifies aneuploidy Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #6 Contraception Contraception Physiologic mechanism of action of varous forms of contraception, contraceptive contraindications relative to comorbid conditions Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #7 Breast Disorders* Disorders of the Breast Normal breast anatomy and histology, common benign breast disorders and breast cancer, pharmacology of hormonal therapies used in breast cancer treatment Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #8 Dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea Histology of endometrium and myometrium, pathophysiology of dysmenorrhea and endometriosis, pharmacological treatment of dysmenorrhea Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #9 Ectopic Pregnancy Ectopic Pregnancy Normal histology of the fallopian tube, pathophysiology of ectopic pregnancy, pharmacology of methotrexate Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #10 Embryology of Common Malformations Embryology of Common Malformations Development of the embryo and germ layers, factors affecting embryogenesis and critical periods of development leading to fetal malformations Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #11 Gestational Diabetes Gestational Diabetes Normal glucose metabolism in pregnancy, pathophysiology of abnormal glucose metabolism, fetal effects of gestational diabetes mellitus, pharmacology of hypoglycemic agents Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #12 Hemorrhage Hemorrhage Basic principles of normal hemostasis, physiologic changes associated with coagulation during pregnancy, pathophysiology and management of disseminated intravascular coagulation Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #13 Hirsutism Hirsutism Normal ovarian steroidogenesis, pathophysiology of abnormal androgen secretion, pharmacology of medications to treat hirsutism Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #14 Hypertensive Disease of Pregnancy Hypertensive Disease of Pregnancy Physiology of normal regulation of blood pressure in pregnancy, pathophysiology of preeclampsia, pharmacology of anti-hypertensive medications and magnesium Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #15 Lactation Lactation Breast anatomy and changes during pregnancy and lactation, physiology of milk synthesis and release, composition of human milk Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #16 Maternal-Fetal Physiology Maternal-Fetal Physiology Normal maternal physiologic changes in pregnancy, maternal endocrine adaptations for the developing fetus, physiologic adaptations of the fetus and placenta Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #17 Menopause Menopause Physiologic changes in estrogen levels and the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis in peri-menopause and menopause, pathophysiology of common symptoms of perimenopause/menopause, treatment options for menopausal symptoms Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #18 Physiology of the Menstrual Cycle* Menstrual Cycle Hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis regulation of ovarian function and menstrual cycle; hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis and the reproductive stages of the life cycle Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #19 Gestational Trophoblastic Disease* Molar Pregnancy Physiologic stages of fertilization, pathogenesis of complete and partial moles, histopathology of molar pregnancy, malignant sequelae (GTN) Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #20 Mullerian Anomalies (Amenorrhea, Recurrent Pregnancy Loss) Mullerian Anomalies (Amenorrhea, Recurrent Pregnancy Loss) Embryologic orgins of the reproductive tract, genes/hormones involved in sexual differentiation, pathophysiology of mullerian anomalies Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #21 Multiple Gestation Pregnancies Multiple Gestation Pregnancies Early fetal development (fertilization to implantation), physiology of twinning, placental abnormalities in monochorionic twin pregnancies Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #22 Ovarian Neoplasm Ovarian Neoplasm Normal histology of the ovary, ovarian epithelial neoplasms, stromal neoplasms, germ cell neoplasms, ovarian biomarkers and genetic predisposition to ovarian cancer Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #23 Pelvic Anatomy Pelvic Anatomy Pelvic anatomy – anatomic landmarks and basic anatomy related to reproductive function Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #24 Pelvic Organ Prolapse Pelvic Organ Prolapse Normal anatomy of the pelvic floor, proposed mechanims for pathophysiology of pelvic organ prolapse, management options for pelvic organ prolapse Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #25 Physiology of Labor Physiology of Labor Phases of labor and physiology of parturition, regulation of uterine activity, fetal and maternal signaling of labor, role of oxytocin in regulation of labor and smooth muscle activity Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #26 Postpartum Depression Postpartum Depression Neurobiological mechanisms underlying postpartum depression, change in steroid hormones in the postpartum period, pharmacology of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #27 Sexually Transmitted Infections Sexually Transmitted Infections Pathophysiology of common sexually transmitted infections, long-term sequelae of sexually transmitted infections, mechanism of action of treatment of common sexually transmitted infections Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #28 Transgender Care Transgender Care Sex hormone synthesis and regulation, mechanisms and pathoways of hormone therapy, clinical care for transgender patients Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #29 Urinary Incontinence Urinary Incontinence Anatomy of bladder and urethra, physiology of bladder filling/emptying/continence, autonomic control of the bladder, pathophysiology of urinary incontinence, pharmacology of medications used in urge incontinence Click here to download Teaching Script
Topic #30 Uterine Atony Uterine Atony Uterine muscle architecture and mechanism of contraction, factors that interfere with myometrial contraction, pharmacology of uterotonic agents Click here to download Teaching Script

*Topic and Clinical Trigger title differ.