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Timing the “Fun” to the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) in an Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training Program

Purpose: To determine the time required by Obstetrics/Gynecology (OBGYN) residents to gain proficiency with FLS skills

Background: FLS is a standardized assessment of laparoscopic knowledge and skills and an eligibility requirement of The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG) Qualifying Exam. There is no published data on expected training time to guide curricula planning or how PGY level, prior surgical experience, or milestone assignment may associate with FLS skill acquisition.  

Methods: A prospective cohort study was performed at a community based hospital where PGY2-4 residents were consented to participate in a structured FLS curriculum, which included five skill sessions supervised by gynecologic surgical faculty. Time spent in supervised and self-study sessions was recorded.  A baseline and final assessment of FLS skills was administered noting errors and time to complete. Participants reported PGY level, number of prior laparoscopic hysterectomy cases, and their endoscopic technical skill milestone levels, which were analyzed using multivariate regression analysis. 

Results: No residents (n=17) passed the baseline assessment. All participants passed the final assessment after curriculum completion with improvement in time (-12.2 minutes p = 0.0005) and reduction in errors (-2.5, p = 0.0025). The amount of structured time spent with a faculty member was correlated with improvement in assessment time (r=0.5979)with at least 155 minutes demonstrating significant improvement (p = 0.009). PGY level, milestone level, number of laparoscopies, and self-directed practice were not associated with improvement in performance. 

Discussion: Deliberate practice was the driving factor for FLS skill acquisition independent of PGY, milestone, surgical experience, or self-directed practice time.

Topics: Minimally Invasive Surgery, Simulation, GME, Medical Knowledge, Residency Director, Faculty, 2020, SES,

General Information


Intended
Audience
Faculty,Residency Director,
Competencies
Addressed
Medical Knowledge,
Educational
Continuum
GME,
Educational
Focus
Simulation,
Clinical Focus
Minimally Invasive Surgery,

Author Information

Corey A. Wagner, MD, Mercy Hospital St Louis; Danielle Grunloh, MD, Mercy Hospital St Louis; Elizabeth Wegleitner, MD, Mercy Hospital St Louis; Arthur Ollendorff, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Sara C. Wood, MD, MHPE Mercy Hospital St Louis

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